Special Education Categories

There are several areas in which a student can be identified and made eligible for special education.

Autism – a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, it is generally evident by age three.

Deaf-Blindness – a combination of hearing and visual impairments

Deafness – a hearing impairment

Emotional Disability – there are many characteristics included with this. They must be exhibited over a marked period of time and adversely affect a child’s education.

Hearing Impairments – a hearing impairment different than deafness

Intellectual Disability – having sub-average intellectual functioning

Multiple Disabilities – a combination of disabilities which impact education

Orthopedic Impairments – impairments caused at birth, by disease or accidents that adversely affect education

Other Health Impaired – Similar to Emotional Disabilities, Other Health Impaired or OHI consists of many different areas such as asthma, ADD, ADHD, heart condition, epilepsy, sickle cell anemia, just to name a few

Specific Learning Disability – a disability of one or more of the basic processes involved in understanding. This can include anything spoken or written. This is a large category that covers many different areas

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